7 integral elements of interior design

Interior designing is not easy as it may seem and requires a whole lot of efforts and considerations regarding a plethora of things right from the lighting source, to the colors, and the manner in which space should be decorated so that it looks perfectly organized. However, there are a few elements that demand special attention and need to be taken care of when you are considering designing your home space.

Read below to know more about the integral elements of interior design that would help in home décor ideas:


Space is one of the crucial elements when it comes to interior design. The entire interior design plan depends on the space and how the things are built around it. Moreover, it is essential for the designer to be aware of the space along with its dimensions and the utilities that are involved in it. The space can be divided into two main sections which include the floor and 3D space that tends to form the living space. The home or office space needs to be filled with home décor items and should not be left empty as that might cause it to look dull. However, there needs to be balanced in the placement of items in a space otherwise the space might look a bit overcluttered with the decorative showpieces.


The line gives birth to forms and shapes which provide a sense of contrast, unity, and harmony to your home. These three elements happen to define the shapes and act as visual guides of the interior. Moreover, the lines can be categorized into three main categories which include horizontal, vertical and dynamic. The former types of lines are meant for structures such as tables, chair, and beds along with other home decoration items online whereas the vertical lines tend to be used for doorways, windows, etc. The dynamic lines happen to add drama and can be seen on structures such as stairs. As an interior designer, one must be able to utilize the lines that define the forms and interior design elements.


Forms refer to shapes in general and represent an outline of a three-dimensional object in the space. These can be created with a combination of two or more shapes and can be accentuated with the use of elements such as colors, patterns, and texture. The form which is well-defined helps in establishing harmony, and additional forms can be used to balance the space. There are basically two types of forms which are available including geometric and natural forms. These forms are divided into categories such as open and closed and are enclosed by a surface. Moreover, with an understanding of these elements, an ideal form can be easily achieved within a matter of time.


Light is another important element when it comes to interior design. Both natural as well as man-made lights have their importance and tend to provide color, texture, and pattern that hold significance in the space. The lights tend to set the mood and ambiance of the living space which highlights every element including the line, space, and forms. The doors and windows need to be smartly placed, and one should take care of the natural as well as man-made light. The lighting is broadly classified into two main categories including the task lights, accent light and the mood light. The former kind of light is used for tables and bed lamps. The accent lights are meant for highlighting a particular space, and apart from that, the ambient lighting will help in illuminating the entire space of the home.


Colors are the core of any interior designing theme and provide an aesthetic connection between the objects. Moreover, the colors must be chosen in a way that they have a positive impact on the mindset of people who happen to stay in that space. Consider, for example, red is a perfect choice when you are considering the dining room as it tends to create a mindset of appetite whereas the green color in the bedroom would promote tranquility. Every hue or color that you happen to find in your house has a special significance, and as an interior designer, it is necessary to choose the right set of colors for the home. Colors can be classified into the categories of primary and secondary colors along with analogous, monochromatic, complementary, and tertiary colors.


The patterns happen to add interest and life to the interior design which works well along with the colors. These happen to tell a story and provide a smooth transition to space where one lives. The patterns can be of any shape depending on the area and might even comprise of the repetitive design that would look attractive according to the ambiance of the space. For instance, soft patterns can be incorporated in homes as they might give a soothing impression.


Last but not least is the texture that majorly focuses on the surfaces and helps in determining how it looks and feels altogether. Moreover, the texture also adds a certain depth to the living space which helps in defining the overall appearance and consistency of the surface. The texture can be broadly classified into two main categories including the visual texture that is visible to the eyes along with the actual texture that can be both seen as well as felt. Anything that is related to texture including wallpapers, wall paint, covers, etc., needs to be chosen carefully so that the mood of the room can be decided more efficiently.

These were some of the interior designing elements which are necessary to be considered while you are working on the interior space of your home. Each of these elements needs to be chosen carefully and well balanced so that space does not appear to be odd. Moreover, it is best to consult a professional or research from the online resources about the ways in which you can design your interiors more effectively.